Storm Nicholas strengthened to a hurricane Monday as it tracked up the Texas coast just before its expected landfall, with meteorologists warning of dangerous levels of rainfall.
Nicholas was packing maximum sustained winds of 75 miles (120 kilometers) per hour, and was expected to dump up to 18 inches (around 460 millimeters) of rain in the Houston area, weather officials said.
Nicholas is bringing "heavy rains, strong winds, and storm surges to portions of the central and upper Texas coasts," the National Hurricane Center said."Life-threatening flash flooding impacts, especially in highly urbanized metropolitan areas, are possible," its latest bulletin warned.
Between six and 12 inches of total rainfall is expected in parts of Texas and western Louisiana, with isolated maximum amounts of 18 inches.
"This rainfall may produce areas of considerable flash and urban flooding," the center said.
At 0300 GMT Tuesday, the hurricane's center was located some 20 miles (30 kilometers) southeast of Matagorda, on the Gulf of Mexico, said the Miami-based NHC.
Matagorda is just a few miles southwest of Houston, Texas's largest city.
The NHC also issued a storm surge warning for much of the Gulf coast, meaning "there is a danger of life-threatening inundation, from rising water moving inland from the coastline."
"This is a life-threatening situation," it said, warning people in the area to "take all necessary actions to protect life and property from rising water and the potential for other dangerous conditions."
Sylvester Turner, the mayor of Houston -- parts of which were devastated by Hurricane Harvey in 2017 -- said the city was on high alert.
Authorities have erected barricades, activated Houston's office of emergency management and told residents to take extra safety precautions.
"I urge everyone to be OFF the roads by sun down and to avoid driving tonight through tomorrow as we anticipate heavy rainfall," Turner tweeted.
The storm's imminent arrival forced many flights to be canceled at Houston-area airports, and the Houston ship channel at the busy port was closed, said a spokesman for the agency that steers ships through the waterway.
Schools closed Monday afternoon across the storm-affected area and will remain shut on Tuesday, officials said.
Customers rushed to gas stations and supermarkets across the region to fill fuel tanks and stock up on bottle water, toilet paper, and perishables such as milk and eggs.
Texas is no stranger to hurricanes, but scientists warn that climate change is making the storms more powerful, posing an increasing risk to coastal communities.
Coastlines are already suffering from flooding, which has been amplified by rising sea levels.
Texas Governor Gregg Abbott had urged residents to prepare.
"It is up to all Texans in the path of this storm to take precautions, heed the guidance of officials, and remain vigilant as this severe weather moves through Texas," he said in a statement.